East European Parliamentarian and Candidate Data (EAST PaC) 1985 - 2015
|Title of the Study||East European Parliamentarian and Candidate Data (EAST PaC) 1985 - 2015|
|Full name of the institution depositing the data||Institute of Philosophy and Sociology, Polish Academy of Sciences|
|Principal Investigator||Joshua Kjerulf Dubrow|
|Data collection language||EN|
The purpose of the studyThe aims of this study stem from innovative matching of a formal theory of voting in the national parliamentary elections with a unique data set on candidates in parliamentarian elections in selected countries of Central and Eastern Europe. The formal theory of voting is based on the game theoretical approach from which precise hypotheses are deduced. Theory tells us that by conditioning their ballots on policy outcomes, voters can use elections to control politicians. Presumably, politicians anticipate that they will be sanctioned for poor party-performance, and thus have an incentive to implement policies, through their parties and other political units, that correspond to the preferences of the electorate. Does the system of repeated elections function as a mechanism of electoral control, and if it does, what factors influence its effectiveness? We consider this question in a broad context of studies on parliamentary elections. A main empirical contribution of study is the creation of a dataset on all candidates that stood for office in parliamentarian elections in selected countries of Eastern Europe. The dataset allows researchers to address the problem of who wins and who loses parliamentary elections in this region, among other research questions. We call these data, the East European Parliamentarian and Candidate Data (EAST PaC). These data consist of all candidates – not only winners, but also election losers – who stood for elective office in the national legislature in Poland, Hungary and Ukraine in all post-Communist elections. Poland is exceptional, for EAST PaC contains data from two elections during the Communist era, as well.
Main topics of the studyParliamentarians, candidates, elections, accountability, post-communism, Poland, Ukraine, Hungary, EAST PaC
Unit of AnalysisCandidates that stood for office in parliamentarian elections in Poland, Ukraine and Hungary
Type of the sample applied in the StudyThese data contain the universe of candidates and parliamentarians at the time of the election.
Geographic coverage of the samplePoland, Ukraine, Hungary
|Lower age cut-off for the sample|
|Upper age cut-off for the sample||brak|
Data collection methods were used for the studyOther
The main sources of data on parliamentary candidates are official records from the government and other state agencies responsible for maintaining election archives. For elections conducted in the early 1990s (and for Poland, the 1980s), these records were in the form of paper documents, while in later years they were stored as electronic files. These data are matched through time, meaning that these data have all those who ran once and more than once. Like a panel dataset, individuals who ran more than once are tracked over all elections. The matching process was based on a combination of name, year of birth, gender, occupation, and party affiliation. Description of the matching process are available in the book, Towards Electoral Control in Central and Eastern Europe, edited by Joshua Kjerulf Dubrow and Nika Palaguta, IFiS PAN Publishers, 2016.
The total number of starting or issued names/addresses and the total number of successfully completed
|starting or issued names/addresses|
Substitution or replacement of respondentsno information
Post-stratification weightno information
Description of sample designno information
Start and end dates of fieldwork
Interviews back-checked (e.g. supervisor checks later whether interview was conducted
Other information about the study
Pattern for data quotationEast European Parliamentarian and Candidate Data (EAST PaC), 1985 - 2015. Version 2.0. Funded by Poland’s National Science Centre (decision number 2012/05/E/HS6/03556).
Generally accessible publications that refer to this dataTowards Electoral Control in Central and Eastern Europe, edited by Joshua Kjerulf Dubrow and Nika Palaguta, IFiS PAN Publishers, 2016
Data use restrictionsno restrictions